Colonies

Colonies in CartierColonies in Cartier

The Hutterian Brethren communities have their origins way back in Europe in the 1500's and follow the basic tenets of Hutterian beliefs including a belief in the separation of church and state, communal living, communal ownership of property, nonviolence and opposition to war, and adult baptism. Also, Hutterites have retained the dress, customs, language, and simple unadorned lifestyle of their ancestors. During the 1870's this communal group of people immigrated to the United States to escape military conscription, loss of their own schools and religious persecution.
 
They faced these same challenges at the beginning of World War I and in 1918 the Brethren decided to migrate from the Dakotas to Manitoba and Alberta where the Canadian government granted Hutterites freedom of worship and freedom from military service in exchange for developing the land. James Valley, Milltown, Rosedale, Maxwell, and Huron Colonies are these oldest colonies, established in 1918. Iberville Colony (1919) and Barickman Colony (1920) were soon to follow, with Waldheim Colony (1934), Poplar Point Colony (1938), and Lakeside Colony (1946) being established later. Starlite Colony was the last to be established in the Municipality in 1991. The RM of Cartier is now home to 11 colonies, and while the colonies are still predominately agriculturally based, some have also diversified their economics in such areas as metal-working, granite works, homebuilding, and cabinetry.

Fun fact: Approximately half of those first colonies that came to Canada settled right here in the RM of Cartier!

Right Side: Maxwell Colony Boys - John Wipf, Mike Hofer, Sam Wipf - 1935